1951 The Shot Heard ’Round the World

An amazing late-season comeback by the New York Giants reaches legendary proportions with Bobby Thomson's unforgettable, game-winning home run in a tiebreaking playoff against the archrival Brooklyn Dodgers.

Bobby Thomson is mobbed by New York Giant teammates after crossing the plate on his legendary home run to win the National League pennant, while Jackie Robinson (below) looks on and pitcher Ralph Branca (right) walks away among the dejected Brooklyn Dodgers.

Ralph Branca grew up a big fan of the New York Giants.

On October 3, 1951, he probably wished he was still one.

An eight-year veteran of the archrival Brooklyn Dodgers, the big 25-year-old right-hander was called upon to quell a desperate ninth-inning rally by his boyhood heroes. All that stood between Branca and a spot in the World Series was Giants slugger Bobby Thomson.

What happened next is often cited by baseball players and historians alike as the game’s most memorable moment, ever.

Until that moment, Branca had yet to attract enough bad luck to justify the “13” on the back of his uniform. He won 21 games in 1947, the first of three straight years in which he was selected to the National League All-Star team. He slipped in 1950 to 7-9 and was relegated to the bullpen. But in 1951, Branca won his way back into the rotation after springing out to a strong start.

Branca was the third main man in a Brooklyn rotation that included two 20-game winners: Don Newcombe (at 20-9) and 36-year-old Preacher Roe, who was particularly stunning with 22 wins and only three losses. But the Dodgers’ pitching was overshadowed by the team’s offense, which led the NL in almost every major category. First baseman Gil Hodges became the first Dodger ever to hit 40 home runs; his 103 runs batted in were joined by two others reaching the century mark, Duke Snider (101) and catcher Ray Campanella—whose 108 were part of a package that, with a .325 average and 33 homers, earned him the first of three NL Most Valuable Player awards. But Jackie Robinson was still the heart and soul of the Dodgers lineup, batting .338 with 106 runs scored, 19 homers and 25 stolen bases.

Brooklyn shot out of the gate in 1951, eager to make up for its lost opportunity against Philadelphia on the final day of the 1950 season. While the Dodgers’ lead was not always prohibitive, their all-around strengths forged some mental resignation among those trailing behind in the standings.

Meanwhile, upriver from Brooklyn, the New York Giants were downtrodden. They plunged to a 2-13 start and became preoccupied with catching the .500 mark, let alone the Dodgers. Bad starts were becoming a bad habit for the Giants; they had to win 50 of their final 72 games the year before to look good after crawling through the spring. Manager Leo Durocher wondered how long he could be allowed to endure getting off on the wrong foot; he’d been fired at Brooklyn three years earlier for a slow start there.

As the Giants struggled to distance themselves from the basement, Durocher furiously lobbied the front office to bring up a solid gold prospect ordained as a five-tool player—one who excelled in all aspects of the game—and was hitting a spectacular .477 in 35 games for the Minneapolis Millers, the Giants’ chief farm club. Finally in late May, Durocher got his wish; the Giants ran an ad in Minneapolis newspapers apologizing to local fans for taking away their beloved star, Willie Howard Mays.

The 20-year-old Mays was a man of lightweight disposition and heavyweight talent; when he first began turning heads on ballfields in his home state of Alabama, a Giants scout adamantly told his superiors back home: “Don’t ask any questions. You’ve got to get this boy.” But once promoted to the majors, Mays was initially not the lifesaver the Giants were counting on. He managed just one hit in his first 26 at-bats (though the one hit was a home runSpahn on Mays’ first home run: “For the first sixty feet, it was a hell of a pitch.” off Boston Braves ace Warren Spahn), and a defeated Mays asked Durocher to be sent back to Minnesota. Durocher convinced Mays otherwise as only Durocher could, chewing him out with a dose of tough love. It apparently worked; Mays stayed and ultimately completed his first big league year hitting a respectable .274 with 20 homers.

Rookie Willie Mays steals home for the Giants in a late August doubleheader against the Chicago Cubs. After a tough first week in the majors, the 20-year-old Mays would come around and win Rookie of the Year honors.

Mays’ presence took the load off the rest of the Giants lineup, which included shortstop Alvin Dark, flourishing in his second year at New York after being traded from the Braves; left fielder Monte Irvin, the team’s first African-American player from 1949, who hit .312 with 24 home runs and a team-leading 121 RBIs; and Bobby Thomson, sometimes outfielder, sometimes third baseman, always damaging on opposing pitchers. A native son of Glasgow, Scotland, Thomson was on his way to batting .293 with a career-high 32 home runs.

The addition of Mays also eased the burden of the New York pitching staff, led by a pair of 23-game winners in Sal Maglie and Larry Jansen.

The Giants regrouped with Mays and put themselves within striking distance of Brooklyn. But when the Dodgers swept the Giants in early July to re-up their lead to seven games, Dodgers manager Chuck Dressen, feeling frisky after being ejected from both ends of a doubleheader his team had won, boasted: “The Giants is dead. They’ll never bother us again.”

If savored as chalkboard fodder, the Giants had a delayed effect in responding, as the Brooklyn lead grew to a near-insurmountable 13 games a month later. Then it happened.

The Giants won. And won. And won again. It became a team possessed. Sixteen straight victories later, the Giants had knocked eight games off the Brooklyn lead. The Dodgers got the message and spent most of September keeping the Giants at arm’s length. But in the season’s final week, Brooklyn couldn’t hold onto a three-game lead, thanks in part to a seven-game New York win streak to end the schedule.

Tied for first place going into the season’s final day, the Giants won early at Boston and then waited out with incredulity as Brooklyn had to exert two comebacks and extra innings to force a postseason tiebreaker with a 9-8 win at Philadelphia. Jackie Robinson emerged as the Dodgers’ hero of the day, first making a season-saving catch of an Eddie Waitkus liner in the 12th from which he nearly jammed his shoulder; recovered, Robinson hit a solo home run in the 14th to guarantee a season extensionTaking the loss for the Phillies was Robin Roberts, who beat the Dodgers in the historic 1950 season finale..

Ralph Branca started Game One of a best-of-three playoff against the Giants and lost it, 3-1, thanks solely to two New York homers—one a two-run shot off the bat of Bobby Thomson. The Dodgers stormed back with a 10-0 thrashing in Game Two behind rookie pitcher Clem LabineIt was one of two career shutouts for Labine, who would spend the bulk of his career as a reliever.. That set up the winner-take-all affair at The Polo Grounds.

Bobby Thomson completes his circuit on the home run that won the NL pennant, while jubilant Giant manager Leo Durocher and second baseman Eddie Stanky (wearing jacket) can hardly contain themselves.

On a gloomy October afternoon, Don Newcombe started for the Dodgers and, through eight innings, had brightened the spirits of the substantive Flatbush faithful seated in enemy territory. Though Newcombe was exhausted, Dressen sensed he had enough left with a 4-1 lead to let him go the distance. But Alvin Dark singled to open the Giants ninth and, inexplicably, was held on at first by Dodgers first baseman Gil Hodges—even though Dark represented a meaningless run that would neither tie nor win the game. Exploiting the risk on cue, Don Mueller next sent a grounder through the enlarged infield hole near Hodges for another base hit. Monte Irvin then popped up for the first out, though it might have been the third had Hodges played off the bag for Mueller, collected his grounder, and started a potential double play.

Dark scored to make it 4-2 on a doubleMueller badly hurt his ankle sliding into third base on the play, and the game was stopped for over ten minutes as he was taken off the field. by the next batter, Whitey Lockman—who became the tying run in scoring position. With Thomson emerging to the plate, Dressen brought in Branca, loser of six of his last seven decisions on the mound. Thomson’s day was not going well; though he had knocked in the first Giants run on a sacrifice, he had committed a baserunning gaffe and was enduring a tough defensive day at third base.

With first base open, Branca could have given Thomson a free pass to first base—setting up the force at any base with one out. But this also meant putting the winning run on first—with Willie Mays next to hit.

So Branca went after Thomson.

After taking the first two pitches, Thomson offered at Branca’s next delivery and took the swing of a lifetime. Lined down the Polo Grounds’ miniscule left-field line, the ball tucked itself into the second deck not more than 300 feet away from home plate. Thomson’s three-run homer won the game and the pennant, 5-4, capping one of baseball’s greatest season comebacks with, not so arguably, its greatest moment ever.

The Brooklyn Dodgers were left with the cold, stinging reality that, for the third time in six years, they had lost a chance to take the NL pennant on the season’s last day.

On the quieter side of the New York baseball world, the Yankees didn’t deliver any stellar comebacks from the deep recesses of the American League standings. Rather, they fought off a new round of roster handicaps and some tough competition from both the Cleveland Indians and Boston Red Sox to take their third straight AL pennant.

Allie Reynolds’ two no-hitters in 1951 made him just one of five pitchers in the history of the majors to achieve such a feat in one season.

The Yankees survived by five games in spite of the military acquisition of Whitey Ford and an offense that showed no real dominance. Lowlighting the individual performances was 36-year-old Joe DiMaggio, dragging his beat-up body through what would be his final year as a player with a .263 batting average and 12 home runs. The savior element rested within the Yankees rotation, with two 21-game winners in Ed Lopat and Vic Raschi. Allie Reynolds contributed 17 more wins, seven by shutout—and two of those were no-hitters, one each against the Indians and Red Sox.

Just a day after Bobby Thomson’s miracle theatrics, the World Series commenced with the Yankees taking on a Giants squad on an all-time emotional high. The momentum carried over well, as outstanding pitching gave the Giants victories in two of the first three games. Then they settled down—and with it, the Yankees settled in, winning Games Four and Five at the Polo Grounds by a combined score of 19-3. The Yankees held off a furious ninth-inning rallyYankees pitcher Bob Kuzava put the lid on a Giant comeback after entering the ninth with the bases loaded and no one out. by the Giants in Game Six to win, 4-3, and clinch their third straight championship.

Fifty years after the Miracle at Coogan’s Bluff, as Thomson’s home run is often nicknamed, a Wall Street Journal article revealed that the Giants’ big comeback of 1951—and perhaps Thomson’s home run—was the result of a complex scheme the Giants had developed to steal signs and give their batters a heads-up on what kind of pitch was coming. Many surviving members of the 1951 Giants said, for the most part, that the story was true; Ralph Branca had heard about it as early as 1954, but didn’t squawk about it since it wasn’t going to change anything about 1951. When Thomson, a kind old man nearing 80 years of age, was asked by the Journal whether he was tipped off before his historic home run against Branca, it was reported that he was initially evasive and roundabout in response.

Thomson finally said: “My answer is no.”

1952 baseball historyForward to 1952: The Education of Mickey Mantle How the next in line to inherit the throne as the New York Yankees' icon nearly caved under the pressure.

1950 baseball historyBack to 1950: Gee Whiz! The Philadelphia Phillies overcome decades of futility and embarrassment with a rare National League pennant.

1950s baseball historyThe 1950s Page: A Monopoly of Success Though described as a golden age for baseball, most major league teams find themselves struggling—unless you're in New York City, where the Yankees, Dodgers and Giants hog the World Series podium from 1950-56. But as the decade winds to a close, the euphoria of Big Apple baseball will rot overnight.

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They Were There: Herman Franks
Herman FranksHerman Franks explains his refusal to discuss his possible role in stealing signs during the 1951 pennant race, gives his opinion on steroids and the best team he ever managed.

They Were There: Gil Coan
Herman FranksGil Coan discusses a short but fine baseball career that included a skull fracture, two years hitting above .300 and a race against a horse.

1951 Standings

National League
New York Giants
Brooklyn Dodgers
St. Louis Cardinals
Boston Braves
Philadelphia Phillies
Cincinnati Reds
Pittsburgh Pirates
Chicago Cubs
American League
New York Yankees
Cleveland Indians
Boston Red Sox
Chicago White Sox
Detroit Tigers
Philadelphia Athletics
Washington Senators
St. Louis Browns

1951 Postseason Results
World Series New York (AL) defeated New York (NL), 4-2.

It Happened in 1951

Eddie Gaedel, Miniature Brown
In one of the most notorious stunts in baseball history, St. Louis Browns owner Bill Veeck sneaks to the plate Eddie Gaedel—all three feet, seven inches, and 60 pounds of him—to lead off for the Browns in the second game of a doubleheader against the Detroit Tigers on August 19. Umpire Ed Hurley, after being shown a contract officially confirming Gaedel as a signed Brown, lets him hit; the diminutive hitter, wearing the number 1/8, helps reduce a strike zone that Tigers pitcher Bob Cain misses with four pitches to walk him. Gaedel will be replaced at first base, retiring with a career 1.000 on-base percentage. Not that it means more to the lowly Browns, but they lose both games, 5-2 and 6-2.

Bob Nieman, Macrocosmic Brown
In a far more impressive—and respectable—first appearance for the Browns, Bob Nieman becomes the first player to homer in each of his first two major league at-bats—not to mention his first two major league swings—on September 14 at Boston. St. Louis still loses to the Red Sox, 9-6.

The Commissioner’s Office, Now Ford-Driven
Commissioner Happy Chandler senses that the 16 major league owners are unhappy with him and, admirably, asks for a vote of confidence. He doesn’t get it and resigns. Replacing him will be Ford Frick, president of the National League since 1934.

The Shot Seen Coast-to Coast
The third game of the NL tiebreaking playoff between the New York Giants and the Brooklyn Dodgers, won with Bobby Thomson’s home run in the ninth inning, is historic in one other way: It’s the first major league game ever telecast nationwide.

The Williams Switch
Lou Boudreau tried “The Shift” on Ted Williams, and now Chicago White Sox manager Paul Richards tries something else to neutralize the Boston Red Sox slugger on May 15. Richards moves reliever Harry Dorish to third base, brings in lefty Billy Pierce to pitch to Williams—who pops out—then removes Pierce, bringing Dorish back to the mound. The White Sox prevail 9-7 in 11 innings on Nellie Fox’s first career major league home run.

One Run, No Hits…
Bob Feller hurls his third career no-hitter on July 1 against the Tigers at Cleveland. But he doesn’t get the shutout; a couple of errors, a stolen base and a sacrifice fly merit the Tigers a fourth-inning run in what will be a 2-1 decision for the Indians.

No One Admitted Behind First Base Without a Hard Hat
Chicago Cubs shortstop Roy Smalley commits 51 errors at shortstop, the last player to make over 50 at any position in the majors. Cubs fans find humor in Smalley’s failings in these saddest of words: “Miksis to Smalley to Addison Street.”

Stay in Boston, Play for the Celtics
Future basketball Hall of Famer Bill Sharman, recently called up by the Dodgers, is ejected along with several other players while sitting on the bench after disputing a call on September 27 at Boston against the Braves. Sharman, who will never appear in a major league game, is the only player to do so and still be ejected.

The Birth of the Go-Go
The Chicago White Sox, a year after setting an American League record for fewest steals in a season (since broken) with 19, leads the AL in 1951 with 99 thanks to new everyday players Minnie Minoso (31 steals) and Jim Busby (28). It is the most steals by an AL team since 1945; the White Sox will top all AL teams in stolen bases every year through 1961.

Preaching the Faith in Victory
Preacher Roe, who wins 22 games while losing just three for the Brooklyn Dodgers, sets an all-time high winning percentage of .880 for pitchers with 20 or more wins. The mark will be topped by Ron Guidry in 1978.

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